Create a soothing environment. Decrease noise. Decrease brightness.
Remove any objects that tend to trigger the behavior.
Be aware of whether mirrored surfaces or poor lighting that causes shadows contribute to your loved one’s hallucinations, and if so, remove those, too.
Pay close attention to the toileting, pain, and nutrition needs of your loved one. Being uncomfortable – especially if your loved one cannot communicate their discomfort – can trigger these behaviors.
Validate your loved one’s feelings. After all, the fear or anger or other emotions they feel are very real.
Reassure your loved one that you are there to protect them.
Distraction, distraction, distraction! Trying to distract your loved one is your best strategy.
Change the subject.
Take your loved one for a walk.
Play a game or work a puzzle.
Sing a favorite song.
Listen to music